About 60,000 people live in the region. Albany, the State's oldest European settlement, is a port city with one of the best natural anchorages in the Southern Hemisphere. It supports a population of 36,000 and is the region's administrative hub. Much of the Great Southern’s primary produce is transported from Albany.
Katanning (population 4400) is the administrative centre for the region’s hinterland and is part of the State Government’s SuperTowns program that is preparing selected regional towns for anticipated population growth. Katanning’s population is from diverse cultural backgrounds.